Atlantis & the Ten Kingdoms
By Tom Gilmore
Index of all Articles
Part I – The Folklore of Atlantis
Homer ~ 700 BC
The Homeric stories were from a long verbal bard tradition of embellished, confused, and romanticized history, transmitted verbally over 400 years from the time of the collapse of pre-historic Aegean civilization around 1100 BC. Homer makes brief reference to the Atlantes, the denizens of Atlantis. Homer also wrote of a large unknown continent called Ogygia, which is now scientifically established as the proto continent called Pangaea, and lends credence to his historical veracity.
Solon ~ 500 BC
Solon was the founder of “democracy” (a landed aristocracy) in Ancient Athens. He had traveled to Egypt and had been instructed in the mysteries by temple priests there. Plato inferred that Solon knew about Atlantis, but there are no direct writings from Solon about it.
Herodotus ~ 450 BC
Herodotus (~ 480 to 425 BC) was a Greek historian who also made references to the Atlantes, first mentioned by Homer in the Odyssey. Herodotus gives 3 unusual facts about the Atlantes. They cannot digest meat. They are undisturbed by dreams during sleep. They curse the sun, dreading its rising and impatient for its setting.
It is commonly thought that the last ice age forced the evolution of an additional carnivorous digestion in our vegetarian ancestors, due to the encroachment of the massive ice-fields. This is a rationalized assumption intended to avoid the clear evidence that modern man is a hybrid being. According to the Titan Infusion Theory, it was the introduction of Baboon genes in developing the Titan/Hominid Hybrid known as Mankind that introduced the carnivorous capacity.
Because man is a hybrid of a higher being with a beast inside him, there is a schizophrenic mentality in him that struggles with the conflicting impulses. In Greek mythology, Morpheus demands 1/3 of your life, drawing you into his dreamscape to harass, torment, tantalize, and frustrate you. The Titans were said to "long-sleep" in Nordic myth, night and day 3 to 4 days out of 10.. They did not have disturbing dreams, the reason being that they did not have a primitive beast coexisting within as the race of Man does.
The Titan explorers had to wear protective clothing lined with lead because of the high level of ultraviolet radiation from the sun. They wore tightly fitted glasses with special lenses to prevent clouding of the lenses in their eyes. They mostly stayed underground in caves during the day. Earth was inhospitable to them and they were trapped here for the rest of their lives. Their first genetic experiment, the Cyclopes, were even more sensitive to the Sun's rays, and could not come out of their caverns even with protective clothing.
Plato -- 355 BC
Plato (428 to 348 BC) was a student of Socrates. Plato wrote stories that were dialogues of the Socratic form of argument, where paradox is used to disprove an invalid assumption. At that time paradox was considered to be a result of an incorrect personal perspective on things (unlike today where paradox is thought to be an inherent condition of human limitations). Plato's book "The Republic" consisted of these dialogues, where the subject was ideal government. The general conclusion of the work is that democracy is a doomed form of government that will consume itself in greed, that socialist government falls to the lowest common denominator and crumbles from mismanagement, that dictatorships fail by the corruption of power, and that the only solution is to have a philosopher-king lead a benign-oligarchy. This end conclusion was highly dissatisfactory, vague and suspiciously unrealistic.
About 355 BC he picked up the story from "The Republic" written earlier in his idealistic youth, and wrote "Timaeus" and "Critias". Timaes was one of the characters in "The Republic". He is an astronomer discoursing on the natural world who brings out a point that sparks the historian Critias to recount that the traveler Solon who founded “democracy” 150 years earlier in Athens, had been to Egypt and had left notes to the effect that a government matching in description to that presented in "The Republic" had been reported by local priests to him as having existed on the very spot of Athens but some 9,000 years prior (from their time). According to Solon's notes this government at the site of Athens was one of 10 Kingdoms ruled from the island Atlantis. His notes indicated that beyond the island of Atlantis, past the Gates of Hercules, was a continent bigger than the continents of Europe and Africa combined. This would be North and South America which are one continent. The co-Capital of the 10 Kingdoms was in Peru, where an entire mountaintop had been truncated into a flat landing strip.
Gold was so prevalent in Peru at that time that documents were impressed on thin sheets of gold instead of paper. A special metallic compound was produced there called orichalcum, which "sparkled like fire".
Aristotle was a student of Plato who took the position, posthumous to Plato, that Atlantis had been made up by Plato as a literary invention to express his philosophy, ignoring that the extensive detail concerning Atlantean architecture and engineering Plato presented would have been irrelevant to the philosophic point he was supposedly making. Further refuting this skeptical opinion held by Aristotle is how Critius continues the history of Atlantis beyond the era of perfect government to a later time when "human nature got the upper hand" and ambition, greed, and evil avarice brought the island Atlantis to the brink of decrepitude induced collapse, when a natural disaster of immense proportions struck Atlantis and utterly destroyed their civilization. This history does not promote the merits of such idealized government as Atlantis began with.
Plato gave Critius dialogue using phrases such as "from the realm of fact" and "genuine history", which seems unlikely unless he intended promulgating a hoax, something not indicated in Plato's personal character.
Diodorus Siculus -- ~ 100 BC
According to Diodorus all the gods were born on Atlantis, and Uranos, an astronomer, was the first King.
The problem here is the derivation of names associated to the Titan explorers. Uranus means science. Uranos may be a title for an astronomer. Myth suggests that Atlas (the ship navigator and cartographer) had 12 children on Atlantis.
From the Roman Claudius Aelianus we learn that the Atlantean Kings wore a metal headband, claimed to be embossed with the image of a male seal.
Poseidon wore a band with a dolphin depicted, could communicate with dolphins, and used them to carry written messages across the Mediterranean Sea.
The Dark Ages of Christianity are about to set in, and until the Renaissance, Atlantis is to be all but lost from memory.
Francis Bacon – 1553
In 1553 Sir Francis Bacon wrote his utopian novel "The New Atlantis". Utopias unrealistically postulate that the beasts within Mankind can be tamed into docile and loving cooperatives.
Augustus Le Plongeon -- 1864
In 1864 the French scholar Brasseur translated Mayan texts that described an ancient land destroyed by volcanic eruption. Brasseur missed the connection to Atlantis in these Mayan texts, and supposedly finding a strange pair of letters M and U (marks which were not letters), he named the referenced destroyed continent Mu.
Plongeon picked up on Mu and expanded on it in his Mayan “studies”, deciding it was located somewhere in the Gulf of Mexico, and was destroyed at the same time as Plato's Atlantis. More irrelevant confusions arose as the island of Madagascar was identified as the ancient Lemuria, where the evolution of lemurs was cut off from the mainland and diverged from the lemurs of the mainland. The mystics of the era took all three (Atlantis, Mu, and Lemuria) and mixed them up in a spiritualist's soup.
Helena Blavatsky -- 1870
Out of this stirred soup of mystic exaggerations, Madame Blavatsky, a storyteller with a spiritualist bent, produced a theosophical work called "The Secret Doctrine". The book has 2 massive volumes, Cosmogenesis, and Anthropogenesis. Cosmogenesis begins with the first 7 stanzas of the secret book of Dzyan. The stanzas appear to attempt to describe the origin of existence out of non-existence, using the Hindu analogy of the lotus bud, which has the miniature of the grown plant inside the seed (Stanza 3.1, "The last vibration of the seventh eternity thrills through infinitude as the mother swells, expanding from within without, like the bud of the lotus"). In Anthropogenesis, Blavatsky reveals "slokas" of the secret book of Dzyan which purport to explain the history of the "root races" of Man. She gave "Lemurians" (the 3rd of the 7 root races) a "third eye" which enabled them to psychically communicate.
Much of what Blavatsky wrote is unintelligible ravings and ramblings. She drove the topic of Atlantis into disrepute and derision, but another writer, Ignatious Donnelly, took a more serious and reasoned look at the folklore and came out with a book that convinced a large number of people that Atlantis was a real place.
Ignatious Donnelly -- 1880
In writing "Atlantis: The Antediluvian World", Donnelly drew evidence from science, mythology, literature, and even religion, to prove that the folklore of Atlantis is based on fact. Common language roots in diverse locations, common plants between continents (especially the banana which had to be meticulously cultured to breed out the seeds), and common forms of ancient structures (including the mysterious pyramidal mounds in the Mississippi Valley), all convinced Donnelly that Atlantis was real. His book had a significant impact world-wide. Antediluvian means before the Great Flood (of 5600 BC).
Edgar Cayce -- 1938
Edgar Cayce is often considered a mystic, but the mysticism he practiced was in an unconscious state. He was susceptible to hypnotic trance, and in that state his brain cross-circuited to thoughts seemingly not his own. When he came out of these trances and read transcripts of what he said, he was as confused by them as anyone else. He had an uncanny ability to diagnose illness and prescribe cures even though he had no medical training, and little or no physical contact with the subject. He often found reincarnated souls in his patients while doing "life readings", such as something like “An Atlantean land with entity ruling in pomp and power, understanding the mysteries of that often termed the night-side of life, or in applying the universal forces as known to that period'.” In one of his readings he referred to the position of Atlantis as being in the Mediterranean Sea.
In one personal reading he assigned the person the status of an equivalent of an electrical engineer working on aircraft radio and radar systems in ancient Atlantis. He mentioned that "firestone" fueled airships and other technological devices. The people of Cayce's Atlantis possessed a technology at least as advanced, and probably more advanced, than in 1933 when he spoke in trance. This was before atomic energy was developed, yet Cayce says that rays invisible to the eye hit the firestone and vessels were impelled by concentrating the reactive rays emitted by the stone from being hit by these invisible rays. This method of propulsion is used by NASA in their space probes, not to be confused with modern nuclear energy, where they simply utilize the heat generated in the reaction to run steam engines.
Part II -- Atlas
The Titans were explorers from the star Sirius who came to Earth at the end of the Ice Age some 13,500 years ago.
The island the Titans decided to
land on was named Atlantis after the ship cartographer, Atlas. The
nearby ocean was named the Atlantic (suffix –ic signifies ocean and –is signifies island).
Collections of maps are still called Atlases.
The Titans were unprepared for the strong gravity and dense atmosphere of Earth, and the intense heat generated during entry into the atmosphere damaged their instruments, contributing (along with strong gravity) to cause a crash landing that disabled the landing craft. The illustration above shows Atlas contemplating the disaster. He has salvaged his articulated globe which only appears to be sitting on his shoulder. His muscular build is the result of weight training he underwent to prepare himself for the strong gravity of Earth. In the evolution, alteration, and cultural distortion of myth-history, the Greeks show the Giant Atlas carrying the planet Earth on his muscular shoulders, and without context the myth looks frivolous.
The Egyptian character shown above is named “Khons” commonly called “the Navigator”. Upon the head of Khons is an articulated globe (the globe is suspended in an apparatus such that it can spin on an axis), evidence identifying Khons with Atlas.
Atlantis was a volcanic island that was totally eradicated by an explosion.
Part III -- The Ten Kingdoms
The 10 Kingdoms occurred after the original Titan explorers had died off, and was instigated by the Titan descendants. It involved setting up ten outposts scattered around the globe. The Ten Kingdoms were co-ruled from Atlantis and Peru. The ancient megalithic sites around the world stand as testament to the existence of the 10 Kingdoms. Because most megalithic sites cannot be definitively dated, and academia blindly rejects evidence of ancient civilizations, absurdly recent dates are often ascribed to the sites, but the megalithic site in Turkey called Gobekle Tepe was deliberately buried, at great cost of effort, and this makes it possible to date when it was buried, and places it back to around 10,000 BC, the time of the 10 Kingdoms. There are extensive excavated cave systems in Turkey near the Gobekle Yepe site which are clear evidence of the Titan underground enclaves. Such extensive excavated cave systems are found around the world, and some very mysterious chambers in China are elaborately carved. Curiously, these excavations exist without local evidence of the material removed.
According to Plato, the way the 10 Kingdoms worked was for there to be an assembly every 5 1/2 years, alternating between Peru and Atlantis, where all the Kingdoms aired their grievances against the others, and the compensations were adjudicated. This schedule was probably related to the 11 year cycle of sun-spots, intended to mitigate the exposure to the worst periods of solar radiation, and timed to coincide with winter in both hemispheres.
Part IV – The Aegean after Atlantis
The Cyclades are a group of islands between the Greek mainland and the island of Crete. The main islands of the group are Naxos, Melos, Syros, Paros, Kea, and Thera. The volcanic island Thera is closest to Crete at 70 miles away, but the rest of the islands are closely spaced to the Greek mainland, within a half-days rowing by a group of oarsmen to pass from island to island. The main islands are a modest 10 to 15 miles in length, enough to support a population of about 5000 each, but uninhabited except for palace complexes that appeared out of nowhere. In Greek folklore these Palaces are ascribed to the Titan “gods”.
The Stone Age Aegean was sparsely populated, with isolated Cycladic Palaces amid the undeveloped terrain. According to Greek myth, the “god” Poseidon built the first Cycladic palace on the island of Naxos. In the Aegean it was instant civilization, due to the Titan explorers.
The archeological evidence refutes the notion that civilization developed from subsistence cultures, because the artifacts found in the Ancient Aegean palaces exist in abundance at a time before the hallmarks of a civilization were met. In the absence of large cities, or civic and religious buildings, somehow pottery, metalwork, olive and grape cultivation, and far-ranging trade sprang into being.
The End of Early Civilization
In their book "Noah's Flood", William Ryan and Walter Pitman demonstrate that the Great Flood was a later event unrelated to the Deluge. As the end of the ice age approached, around 5,600 BC, the fresh water Black Sea Lake was 300 to 400 feet below sea level, and the Mediterranean Sea had finally risen to the height of the land bridge connecting Europe and Asia. Water invaded the cracks at the Bosporus Fault, and a torrent of salt water poured over an ever deepening cleft, resulting in a massive waterfall lasting over 2 years that shook the ground for many miles around, and raised the level of the Black Sea Lake by 6 inches every 24 hours. Not only were the inhabitants around the lake flooded out of their homes, the salt water gradually turned the lake into a salt sea. The immense population around the lake was forced to migrate into Mesopotamia, Egypt, or the Aegean. This migration overwhelmed the civilizations flourishing in these regions. The result was the destruction of civilization, followed by 2,400 years of primitive sustenance living, lasting until around 3,200 BC when civilization re-emerged in all 3 regions.
In the Biblical flood, Noah, who was a descendant of Seth (son of Adam) had 3 sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. After the flood Shem went to Mesopotamia, Ham went to the Egypt, and Japheth went to the Aegean. This is symbolic of the 3 migratory routes
Around 2600 BC the enigmatic “Chosen One”, Kagemni, united Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Aegean into one Realm, and ushered in the “Golden Age” of peace and prosperity.
The Island of Crete, with its harbor at Knossos, became the center of a vast sea-faring system of trade.
The Cycladic palaces had long been in existence when the palace complexes on Crete were built around 2600 BC. Shortly after the Minoan palaces were built, citadels were erected at the Cycladic sites to protect the palace compounds from pirates. The great wealth generated by the mercantile redistribution system of Knossos spawned the emergence of pirate activity, due to the inherent greedy nature of man. The Cycladic fortifications featured regularly spaced bastions affording maximum crossfire against attackers, architecture already in use in Ancient Egypt at the time. However, the palace complexes on Crete were never provided with fortifications, the defense must have been incorporated in the overwhelming Naval fleet of ships supported by the wealth from monopolized commerce.
All the Minoan palaces were built around a paved courtyard, and consisted of multiple royal apartments, public rooms, storage rooms, and endless cubicles connected by tortuously twisted passages and hallways. This reflected Kagemni’s labyrinth design of government. The palaces had terra cotta plumbing, and outdoor surface drainage systems with ingenious flow restrictors consisting of right angle turns in the cut channels, with periodic open small collecting pools. Each palace was unique in layout, conforming to the landscape, and oriented to maximum view in spectacular settings. In its heyday the palace at Knossos covered 40 acres and accommodated 40,000 inhabitants. It had 400 storage jars called pithoi bigger than a man, which stored 155 gallons of olive oil each, for a total capacity of 62,000 gallons. Knossos was somehow in control of all the other palaces, yet there is no evidence that there were kings or rulers governing any of the palace complexes, including at Knossos. This was due to the imaginative labyrinth system developed by Kagemni.
Around 1700 BC a great earthquake devastated the Minoan palaces, but they were rebuilt, and this actually spurred a resurgence of Minoan influence, which continued in peak form until the second devastation around 1450 BC. The second devastation was probably due to the massive eruption of Thera, with a combination of earthquakes, seismic waves, and a disastrous few inches of ashfall on the agricultural fields. Their fleet ships in harbor were likely swamped, which would cripple their trade operations, and decimate the Navy. Mycenaean leaders took this opportunity to sack the unfortified palaces on the southern shore, and by doing so thrust themselves into the dominant force of the Aegean, destroying forever the marvelous palace complex redistribution system that had served the world for over a thousand years.
The late-term palace sites (from 1450 BC to 1100 BC) shifted to the Greek mainland, called Helladic culture after a word meaning Greece, and typified by the Mycenaeans, who sacked Troy and tasted victory, only to fall themselves to Barbarian conquest (1100 BC), at the point where the world went into a 400 year relapse of anarchy, triggered by the beginning of the Iron Age.
When Thera erupted around 1450 BC the Mycenaeans undertook the destruction of the Minoan palaces on Crete, and took over the mercantile empire. Through brutal warfare, they established exploitative colonies on Rhodes and Cyprus, as well as in Lebanon, Egypt, and finally Troy. According to current conventional “thought”, the Citadel at Mycenae was erected around 1250 BC. The massive stones in the wall construction (called Cyclopean after the genetically produced creatures of Titan experiments, who could only live underground) suggested to the Classical Greeks that the Titans had built it many thousands of years earlier, and the Mycenaeans only constructed new rooms inside the enclosure. Similar suggestions of Titan origins were made by Greeks concerning the Treasury of Atreus. This is a dome 50 feet across and 43 feet high, with a 17 foot high monumental entrance featuring a single stone slab weighing 120 tons across the top. The stones forming the dome were tapered and fitted so precisely that it still stands today. The entire structure was buried under an earthen mound. The Greeks believed that the god Aegus and his wife Hera built these megalithic structures, because they needed underground quarters during the day to protect from what was for them lethal radiation from the Sun.
Under Mycenaean control the overpopulated Cycladic islands became import-dependent, and as a consequence pirating became a scourge of the Mediterranean, growing into an industry nearly equal to the marine mercantile operation that fueled the piracy. Populations in the Aegean grew to alarming proportions. Conquest became a necessary function to keep the overpopulated palace-state system operating, and when everything was taken, only Troy remained. The Mycenaeans formed an alliance with the other mainland palace-states to join in a campaign to sack Troy. According to Homer, King Agamemnon from Mycenae was the chief, and came home in glory and wealth only to be murdered by an usurper. King Nestor of Pylos fared better on his return, but Odysseus had his troubles on returning to Ithaca, finding his wife Penelope fending off usurpers of his bed as well as his kingdom. Odysseus, who Homer said was crafty, sneaked home quietly and surreptitiously put to death all his rivals. This may have been about 1220 BC. After Troy there were no more conquests to be made to support the expanded population, and the Aegean civilization took a steep dive into poverty, lost its technology, and reverted to an anarchistic primitive sustenance existence lasting 400 years from its complete eclipse around 1100 BC. In truth, the last 200 years of the age was a brutal and oppressive era, with great wealth for a select few, and crushing poverty and slavery for everyone else. The Mycenaean surge had a flair (see octopus art on jug below) which blossomed in the Minoan culture that it took over, but wilted when the accumulated momentum of that culture was exhausted without being replenished.
Ancient historic Greek civilization, or "Classical Greece", begins with Homer about 700 BC. The Homeric stories were from a long verbal bard tradition of embellished, confused, and romanticized history, transmitted verbally over 400 years from the time of the collapse of pre-historic Aegean civilization around 1100 BC. The Trojan War of Homer's epic is now thought to correspond to the 7th layer at the site of Ancient Troy, dating to around 1250 BC.
From about 500 BC to the ascent of Rome around 50 BC Greek mathematics, physics, and philosophy build a tremendous legacy that is still relevant today.