## 4. The Mechanism of Time and Motion

by Tom Gilmore
All graphics by Tom Gilmore

## Part I --Einstein’s Actual Relativity

Relativity is not a theory; it is an observation regarding personal viewpoints.

Relative Velocity

Velocity is a measure of a distance of motion over a period of time (like miles per hour).

Velocity is relative to a position of perspective.  All positions are in motion themselves, and velocity relative to that position is merely a variance from the motion of the position of perception.  Our galaxy (the Milky Way) is in motion in the Cosmos, our solar system is in motion within the galaxy, our planet is in motion around our sun, and the surface of Earth is in rotational motion.  These combined motions go unnoticed because our immediate surroundings are in synchronous motion.

The Meaning of Relativity

Einstein gave a series of four lectures at Princeton University, which were printed under the title "The Meaning of Relativity".  With each successive edition Einstein included new material not in the lectures.  The final posthumous 5th Edition of 1956 included his final scientific paper "Relativistic Theory of the Non-Symmetric Field", where he arrives at the edge of deducing what I call the Geocubic Model, by formalizing the rejection of the concept of a symmetric field where motion is infinitely divisible.  Einstein writes, (pg. 165) "One can give good reasons why reality cannot at all be represented by a continuous field.  From the quantum phenomenon it appears to follow with certainty that a finite system of finite energy can be completely described by a finite set of numbers."

The book makes it clear that by the term "special relativity" he referred to the different unique viewpoints of separate individuals.  He expressed these viewpoints mathematically with Cartesian coordinate systems centered on each individual.  With an exhaustive mathematical analysis he proves that all such Cartesian coordinate systems reduce to a unit measure, and coordinate to a generalized Cartesian system he called the "general relativity".

A simple way to envision this is with two people tossing a ball.  The person tossing sees the ball retreating, while the person catching sees the ball approaching, and that is their special relativity, but the motion of the ball has an objective path which has general relativity to both viewpoints.

The Cubical Framework

After establishing the unit measure, Einstein suggests that the students (pg. 15) "think of a Cartesian system of co-ordinates as a cubical framework formed of rods each of unit length".  He adds that "the co-ordinates of the lattice points of this frame are integral numbers" and "the members of such a space-lattice are all of unit length."

Einstein is describing the Cartesian quantum matrix of the Geocubic Model.  Refer to the article on Crystallization for more detail on quantum coordinates.

## Part II –Misinterpretations of Einstein’s Relativity

As with all entrenched establishment academia, the system rewards retention of the dogmatic misconceptions.  Establishment physicists are especially prone to the propagation of confusing misconceived models.  Some are just morons.  For others it cynically protects their privileged positions by obscuring the subject and discouraging rational discussion.

The basic contrivance is to apply relativity as if it is in variance with traditional physics, when it is clearly not.  Then by claiming that relativity contradicts physics and has been "proven", they can promulgate nonsensical principles under the banner of "beyond the comprehension" of the average person.  And it works because people love to pretend, like there could be zombies, or vampires, or time-travel, or wormhole portals.  And while most people know these fanciful inventions are fabricated, they have also been brainwashed by school into believing that science is complicated and they can't understand it.  Those that persist in pursuit of knowledge either do so outside the academic establishment and are marginalized into obscurity, or follow the blind into the ditch of academic stupidity, spouting back the nonsense required of them to advance.  Although like wading through 2 feet of molasses, eventually over time this inertia of ignorance is overcome, and humanity advances through the intermediate misconceptions toward a better understanding of the Cosmos.

The Moronic Misinterpretations

Quotes below in italics are taken from "The Meaning of Relativity" 5th Edition, by Albert Einstein.

Time is the 4th dimension.  False (and stupid)

In fact, Einstein writes, (pg. 31) "The non-divisibility of the 4-dimesnional continuum of events does not at all involve the equivalence of the space co-ordinates with the time coordinate.  On the contrary, we must remember that the time coordinate is defined physically wholly differently from the space co-ordinates."

Einstein uses the unfortunate phrase "4-dimensional continuum of events", which confuses morons into expounding that time is the 4th dimension, and space is a continuum (a popular term used to describe the symmetric field).  By continuum he clearly meant the continuing passage of time.  It would have been preferable to say 'the inseparability of the 4 mathematical components of motion (x1, x2, x3, and t), does not at all involve the equivalence of the space co-ordinates with the time coordinate'.

Motion is a continuum.  False

Continuous motion can be demonstrated to be impossible.  If a finite line is considered to contain an infinite number of points, then movement along the line requires an infinite amount of time no matter how little time it takes to pass through each point (infinity times any positive number equals infinity), and if it takes zero time to pass through a point, then it takes zero time to traverse the entire line (zero times infinity is zero).  Thus, a continuum results in either infinite or zero transit times, and reality contradicts this.  The ancient Greeks knew this, as evidenced in their word for movement (kinema) which describes a finite set of jumps so small they create the illusion of continuous motion, and is behind our word for motion pictures which are a cinema, or sequence of still pictures creating the illusion of motion.  Refer to the article on Number for more detail.

Size increases with velocity.  Irrational

On (pg. 26) Einstein writes: "classical mechanics is in accord with the principle of special relativity if the two hypotheses regarding scale and time are made."  The two hypotheses are specified on page 25, that: "1. Time is absolute", and "2. Length is absolute."

Einstein considered that these two primary assumptions underlie classical mechanics, and that these were not typically stated, but were necessary for the principle of special relativity (that all coordinate systems translate to one another) to be proven.

He elaborated that: (pg. 25) "if an interval at rest relative to K, has a length s, then it has the same length s, relative to a system K' which is in motion relatively to K."

In other words, motion does not alter length.

Time slows down with the velocity of motion.  A Hoax

The nonsense of time slowing with velocity and stopping at the speed of light is directly derived in a circular argument from the reworded premise that the speed-of-light minus motion equals the rate of time passage.  Einstein's relativistic relationship is between individual viewpoints, not between motion and time, or motion and space.

This is clear because Einstein declares that "1. Time is absolute", and "2. Length is absolute".

Instead of a central all zero coordinate of the “general” Cartesian coordinate grid, Einstein placed a clock (to symbolize that time is simultaneous throughout space).  This means that since light has to travel to the observer, any distance from a source dictates that what is seen is what occurred in the past, and the further distant the observer, the further what is observed is in the past.  The light from the Sun as seen on Earth shows what happened on the Sun in the past.  The distance between Sun and Earth is around 93,000,000 miles, and light travels at 186,000 miles/second, so it takes 93,000/186=500 seconds (or 8.33 minutes) for the light to reach the Earth.

The “Motion Slows Time” Hoax

A favorite hoax arising from the nonsense of “thought experiments” is the “slowing of clocks with velocity”.

The “thought experiment” is to imagine viewing a clock while moving away from it.  Just as with the Doppler effect of sound waves, the motion away is concurrently adding to the separation of light waves and thus subtracts from the rate at which the clock appears to mark time.  If you were to move away from the clock at the speed of light, your perception would be of an unchanging image, so the clock would seem to have stopped.  This is the subjective perspective that "time" has slowed down and stopped as one recedes at increasing speed up to the speed of light.  There actually is no reason to expect that the speed of light is a maximum velocity, it is simply the rate at which light propagates.  Receding faster than the speed of light would make the clock appear to run backward.

However, another person remaining in the room would see the clock move at its normal rate.  The general relativity of the clock is not altered by the special relativity of either observer.

In the case of these two observers of the clock, where the one receding sees the clock slow down, as that traveler returns he sees the clock speed up past normal (symbolized in diagram below) until when he arrives back, the clock is the same to him as to the observer who never left the room.

The speed of light is the absolute limit of motion.  Probably False

There is no direct evidence to support or deny this assertion.  Curiously, if speed is considered unlimited, and combined with the prior (obviously wrong) assertion that time slows down with motion, then time-travel into the past would be possible by exceeding the speed of light.  If they were actually influenced by logic, they would have to choose whether they prefer the absurdity of time travel or the questionable absolute limit of velocity.

The speed of light is the absolute limit of relative motion.  False (and moronic)

From the minds of flat-earth geniuses comes the absurd notion that the speed of light is the absolute limit of relative motion.  According to this twisted version of Einstein's cosmology, two light rays that are sent off by a bulb in opposite directions are each traveling at the speed of light but their speed relative to each other is still only the speed of light, and not twice the speed of light (as is the rational conclusion).  But in addition, there is no evidence that the speed of light is a maximum velocity of mass, or that velocity has any effect on mass or on time passage.  The morons are willing to abandon rationality to preserve their faith in establishment dogma.

Gravity distorts space.  False (and idiotic)

Since the speed of light is a constant, and is measured as a ratio of space to time (such as miles per second), if space were to distort, then either time would have to distort equally with it, or the speed of light would be altered, and not be a constant.  And if space is distorted locally, how is the space outside the local distortion not distorted inversely in compensation?

E=Mc2 is a mathematical equation.  False (and pretentious)

This formula is not mentioned in the book "The Meaning of Relativity", no doubt because it has nothing to do with relativity.

The use of a power to a constant (c2) is absurd because a constant is simply a number.  For example 102 = 100, so if c is 10 the constant is 100.  Some of the moronic misinterpretations hypothesize that c2 is significant because "c" is the speed of light, but for this expression to be an equation there would have to be an established relationship between the measures of energy and any arbitrary numerical measure defining the speed of light.

It could be that the square power in this formula was intended to intuitively suggest a separation between mass and energy, since mass has been clearly demonstrated to be energy; a miniscule electromagnetic wave (10 –16 meter), separated from the smallest gamma rays (10 –11 meter) by a factor of a hundred thousand.

It is likely that the expression was never meant as a mathematical equation, and originated as a simplistic slogan related to proposals for the development of weapons exploiting the power of atomic fission, an effort Einstein was recruited to support, and did so, realizing that since the Nazis were working on developing the same destructive weapon it was essential to develop it before they did.

There are "wormholes" in space.  Nonsense

The wormhole concept is loosely associated to Einstein because of internal politics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, where Einstein was working on the concept of "entangled wave functions" to explain the uncertainty of individual atomic particle behavior.

Fakers and sycophants sought to associate themselves with Einstein to gain notoriety.  An associate on the Princeton project, Nathan Rosen, proposed a fanciful "thought experiment" ostensibly extrapolating from the concept of the uncertainty of individual photon behavior (but having actually nothing to do with it) that black holes could be composed of positions of space all sharing the same point of time, which, without basis, Rosen claimed would mean that instant transmission from one side to the other would result from traveling through a black hole, no matter how large the distance.  To avoid the presumed impossibility of escaping a black hole, Rosen postulated there could be a complementary oppositely charged universe that one would come out into.  Never mind that without time there could be no motion, so you couldn't even enter.  Boris Podolsky pushed for publishing this tripe, and it became called the "Einstein-Rosen Bridge".  It later became known at the "EPR Paradox" (EPR is for Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen).  Never mind that paradoxes result from invalid concepts.  Without Einstein's name attached it would have been laughed at because the concept is silly in essence, but with Einstein’s name attached, any nonsensical concept can be presented as beyond the common comprehension.

The ER Bridge was also referred to as a wormhole to other universes.  That wormhole is far removed from the modern notion of wormholes (warped space folded over so close that a connection forms bypassing the intermediate space).  These warped space models always warp space on one plane surface, because warping 3 dimensions of space would require a 4th dimension to do it in, so it is geometrically impossible.  (Perhaps this is why they like to pretend time is the 4th dimension.)

## Part III –Motion in the Geocubic Model

The basis of the Geocubic Model is that space consists of a matrix of unit cubes, formed from equally spaced force planes.

The 3 mutually perpendicular stacks of force planes combine to enclose a matrix of cubes.

The matrix is flashing in and out of existence, and this is the cause and measure of the flow of time.

The flashing explains why time travel is impossible, in that there is no past or future, only the flash of now.

The Continuous/Quantum Field

The conundrum is that while space itself is a continuum, motion within it is discontinuous.

The quantum of motion is an inescapable logical tautology (if continuously smaller motions are allowed, no motion could manifest because there would always be a smaller motion required first).  Motion is an illusion, consisting of a sequence of discrete locations, changing in miniscule increments (imposed by the barrier of the matrix).

However, inside each unit-cube, space is a continuum and not further partitioned.  Matter is an agglomeration of mass.  The momentum in objects of matter is perpetual and only altered by force.  Inertia is the inverse of momentum.  Force is required to initiate or stop motion.  For each particle of mass, its momentum builds energy in the continuous interior space of the unit-cube it is contained in.  The incremental building of momentum energy in the continuum forces the quantum jumping that is actual motion.

The Speed of Light

Electromagnetic waves are described by wavelength (the vector length of a complete rotation around the axis), and the wavelength is dictated by the wave amplitude.

The electromagnetic helix spiral has a forward motion of 2Pi in ratio to the amplitude of the wave.    The uniformity of the 2Pi ratio means that the vector motion of a helix spiral has the same ratio (2Pi) regardless of wavelength.  Thus, upon a given vector of motion, light has the same velocity regardless of wavelength.

The Photon has miniscule mass and thus virtually no momentum.  Because the Photon quantum-jumps at each flash, if the motion of light was a straight line along its vector (not a helix spiral), the velocity would depend on the alignment of the vector with the cubic dimensions of the matrix, because diagonal motions are longer than the unit-measure (up to 1.732 times longer, as diagrammed below).

The pixelated quantum motion of a Photon on the electromagnetic wave is dictated by the angle of its vector in relation to the fixed dimensions of the matrix.  A vector along the matrix fixed-dimensions will move a unit-distance along the vector at each flash.  Vectors oblique to the matrix dimensions are forced to make intermediate angle adjustments, and these automatically adjust the linear velocity of Photons, slowing their progress in approximate proportion to the increased oblique angle vector to the matrix dimensions.  This increase in pixelated quantum jumps for non-matrix-dimensional vectors results in a nearly constant speed of light (in a vacuum) regardless of vector direction.

However, the cubic matrix reveals that the speed of light (in a vacuum) is not a constant.  It will vary somewhat by vector angle to the matrix.

In a vacuum light is propagating by jumping between adjacent unit-cubes of the matrix during each flash out of existence, so
speed of light = flashing-rate x size of the unit-cube.

speed of light ~ 300,000,000 meters/second
size of atom (unit-cube) ~ 1/10,000,000,000 meter
Flashing rate = speed of light / size of unit cube = 3,000,000,000 x 10,000,000,000 = 30,000,000,000,000,000,000/second

Light passes through transparent matter at a slower velocity (varying by the nature of the medium) than through a vacuum.

Light is so fast that a significant distance of measure is required to establish accuracy, and in addition the complex combined motions of the Earth’s surface constantly alter the orientation of light vectors to the matrix-dimensions, so only gross approximations have been recorded.  In 1967 scientists defined their version of the “exact” measure of a second, which is based on the speed of rotation of the Earth (1/86,400 of a full rotation).  In 1975 they arbitrarily gave 299,752,458 meters/second as the “exact” measure of the speed of light.  They pedantically solidified this approximation by redefining the meter as the distance light travels in 1/299,792,458 second.

As with sound propagation, the speed of light is unaltered by the motion of the light-source.

Sub-light-speed Light

When light passes through transparent matter it is slowed, and this measure is misleadingly labeled as a “refractive index”.  Refraction is not the cause of light propagation slowing in a medium.  The slowing is due to the interference of atomic components of the Elements involved in the medium.  Refraction of light is a change of direction due to the incident angle the light hits the surface of a medium.  If the light hits perpendicular to the surface there is zero refraction.  Refraction can be observed at the surface of water, altering the apparent location of underwater objects.  The Photon is still quantum-jumping at each flash of the matrix, but since it has no momentum, it bounces around off mass particles.

Glass has a “refractive index” of 1.5, so light is slowed from 300,000 km/s to (300,000/1/5) = 200,000 km/s.

Inertia/Momentum

In the motion of light in a vacuum, the Photon is quantum jumping with each flash of the matrix.  In terms of the speed of light, velocity of mass is measured by how many flashes of the matrix occur between quantum jumps.  As an example, consider an object moving at 1/4 the speed of light.  It is jumping once every 4 flashes, building the continuous distance until a jump is forced.

Inertial motion of matter (perpetuated by momentum) may not be limited to the speed of light.  Jumps are made during the dematerialization of the matrix, so whatever distance is built up in the momentum will be released by moving a given number of cubes, one, two, three, or however many is built up.  Astronomers have detected red-shifts from stars that suggest speeds exceeding the speed of light.  It is possible that some galaxies are receding from ours at greater than the speed of light.  It does not mean that the star should not be visible, only that the light arriving was emitted even earlier.  It is also possible that it is only the combined receding speeds of our galaxy related to another galaxy that is greater than the speed of light.

The speed of a Galaxy is constant, and space is not expanding (the galaxies are moving outward).  The velocity is the result of the impetus from the central proto-explosion of the Hydrogen that was originally spread in an immense but finite cloud, and that gravitationally contracted into a single mega-sun that exploded.

How Linear Vectors Combine Into Orbits

All motions propagate along linear vectors

If the trajectory of an object is altered by an external force, the linear vector shifts (but remains linear).  Orbits combine balanced perpendicular vectors of momentum and gravitational attraction (see generalized graphic below).  The vector of momentum is always tangential to the orbital path, making it perpendicular to the gravitational attraction altering its vector

A geosynchronous orbit occurs when the velocity adjusted for distance matches the rotational speed of the body orbited, such that the surface of the body that faces the orbiting mass is static.  The Moon has the inverse orbit/rotation period, such that it rotates at a speed matching the orbit such that the same side of the Moon always faces the Earth.

All orbits are elliptical not circular.  Furthermore, all orbits are mutual, meaning that the bodies orbit each other. The Sun is so massive that the mutual orbits of the planets barely affect it, but for the Earth and Moon in mutual orbit, the larger Earth draws the fulcrum of the mutual orbit to about 1,100 miles inside the surface (see article on Sun-Earth-Moon for details).

The Quantum Continuum of Atomic Bonding

The cubic matrix and the laws of symmetry “model” the forms of molecules, but the molecular positions are not restricted to ideal alignment with the dimensions (this would prevent rotation).  The Geocubic molecular diagrams in the Geocubic articles of this site show the ideal dimensional alignment, but bonds shift to accommodate misalignment with the matrix.  The resultant shifting of quantum locations in molecules agitates the atoms and generates frictional heat.  This effect is why the rotating Earth retains a molten iron/nickel core, which in turn generates the magnetosphere that deflects the harmful rays generated by the Sun that would otherwise destroy living tissues.

Part IV – The Polarity-Cube (and Time)

For the derivation of the Polarity-Cube read the article on the color-cube

The Cube shown below reveals a polarity pattern involving the 12 edges and 6 faces of the cube.  The cube diagram labels the 12 edges with a permutation of 4 colors assigned to the vertical faces of the cube (Yellow, Blue, Red, Green) combined with 3 polarity conditions (+ - 0), positive, negative, and neutral.

A triangle connects the 3 polarities on each vertical face of the cube, and these triangles all face in the same rotational direction (clockwise).  No two triangles have the same configuration of polarity assignments.  The 6 square faces, each having 4 edges, combine 4 edge polarities, revealing that all 3 pairs of opposite faces have the same combined polarity (labeled by large polarity symbols at the face centers).

Yellow and Red are +
Green and Blue are

Notice that the + faces are the "warm" colors of yellow and red, and the – faces are the "cold" colors of green and blue.

The top and bottom faces are assigned the colors of orange and purple.  They both combine their 4 edges to a neutral polarity, and are thus not involved in the symbolic mechanism of time.

The Polarity-Cube is symbolic of the mechanism of time.  The attraction of opposite polarities (+,-) creates a current in the direction the triangles point (clockwise).  The symbolic “rotation by activation” of the colored faces creates a current of alternating polarity, from + to – to + to – and on.  This represents energizing (+) and de-energizing (-) the force planes of the matrix, or a flashing on and off, from existing (+) to not-existing (-) and back to existing (+) endlessly (subject to eventual termination).

Endlessness in time is called eternity, and in mathematics is called infinity.  Eternity and infinity are imaginary words.  If infinity were real, then infinity plus one would prove infinity was finite.  The same is true of eternity plus a day.

Index of articles