Quarks and Atomic Particles
by Tom Gilmore
All graphics by Tom Gilmore
Index of all Articles
Part I – Quark and Particle Variations
The 3 Atomic Particles
Quarks come in one of 2 polarities: +2/3 (termed “Up”) and -1/3 (termed “Down”).
It is known that the 3 atomic particles of Neutron, Proton, and Electron depend on the combined polarities of Quark triads.
Neutron: Up, Down, Down: 2/3 -1/3 -1/3 = 0
Proton: Up, Up, Down: 2/3 +2/3 -1/3 = +1
Electron: Down, Down, Down: -1/3 -1/3 -1/3 = -1
There is no: Up, Up, Up: 2/3 +2/3 +2/3 = 2
This is because in the beginning all particles were Neutrons, and the Proton/Electron pairs are merely a re-arrangement of the Quarks of 2 Neutrons.
Neutron = +2/3, -1/3, -1/3 =
0 Proton = +2/3,
+2/3, -1/3 = +1
Neutron = -1/3, +2/3, -1/3 = 0 Electron = -1/3, -1/3, -1/3 = -1
The conversion is reversible. For detail on these conversions refer to the article on Gravity.
The 6 Quarks
It is known that the atomic particles require one Quark of each of 3 types termed "colors".
The conventional Quark "chromatography" of three different colors of Quarks is referred to as "color neutral". They use the primary light colors of red, blue, and green because these combine into white (color neutral) light. These colors are arbitrary.
With 3 “colors” and 2 polarities there are 6 possible Quarks.
Red-Up, Red-Down, Blue-Up, Blue-Down, Green-Up, Green-Down
Or in charge/color shorthand, +2/3, -1/3, +2/3, -1/3, +2/3, -1/3.
Model uses the primary pigment
colors of red, blue, and yellow.
In charge/color shorthand, +2/3, -1/3, +2/3, -1/3, +2/3, -1/3
The pigment colors are used for the intuitive advantage of the color relationships of combined pigments, as diagrammed below.
Note: Light colors follow the same general scheme as pigment colors (using a different color set) so the color labels could use the traditional light primaries of Red, Green, and Blue, with the combined light colors of Yellow, Cyan, and Magenta (as diagrammed below), but this scheme is not intuitively understood the way pigment colors are, and is thus unnecessarily confusing to use.
Read the article on the Illusion of Color for detail on color perception.
The pigment color combinations are used to label particle variations
The 9 Atomic Particle Variations
and Neutrons each have 3 different potential charge/color configurations.
These can be labeled by the combined primary pigment colors of the +2/3 Quarks.
Red (+2/3, -1/3, -1/3)
Blue (-1/3, +2/3, -1/3)
Yellow (-1/3, -1/3, +2/3)
Purple (+2/3, +2/3, -1/3) Red & Blue
Orange (+2/3, -1/3, +2/3) Red & Yellow
Green (-1/3, +2/3, +2/3) Blue & Yellow
The Electron has only 1 possible color/charge
configuration, but has 3 different (as yet undetermined) mass energies.
Electron: (-1/3, -1/3, -1/3)
Muon: (-1/3, -1/3, -1/3)
Tau: (-1/3, -1/3, -1/3)
The relationships between these 9 variations are diagrammed below.
The diagram above shows how the Proton(+1) and Electron(-1) pairs are assembled from 2 Neutrons, as indicated by the colored arrows. There are three possible combinations of the 3 Neutron variants, producing the 3 variants of Proton/Electron pairs.
Neutrinos are compressed spherical force surfaces (not particles) that keep the Protons separated from the Electrons (as indicated by the vertical line between the Protons and Electrons). Each Proton is separately encased in a compressed Neutrino (termed a “Sphere” in the Geocubic articles). Because the Sphere and the Proton are inseparably bound, some “physicists” consider there to be 3 Neutrino types, but the Neutrino is unaffected by the color of the Proton (and they will eventually realize this).
The Electrons are associated with their paired Protons by different mass amounts taken from the Protons, and so their mass labels are the Proton colors. The (predicted) mass numbers are ratios derived from a special number/color association.
1 – Yellow
3 – Blue
4 – Green
7 – Red
8 – Orange
10 – Purple
The color/number is derived from the Geocubic Color-Cube (described next).
The Geocubic Color-Cube
The additive combinations of pigment colors match with an additive number scheme.
The graphic below shows a color and
number association to the 6 faces of a cube,
and reveals a direct correspondence between additive pigment color and number addition.
Green = Blue + Yellow (4=3+1)
Orange = Red + Yellow (8=7+1)
Purple = Red + Blue (10=7+3)
There are three sets of paired faces which sum to 11: (10+1, 8+3, and
This 11's triad is broken apart in the diagram above. It totals 33.
These 3 face-pairs symbolize the 3 Quark components of the atomic particle, and are labeled by the primary pigment colors of red (7), blue (3), and yellow (1) that are distributed, one to each face-pair.
Quark Binding Force
The face-color that
is paired to each primary face-color is the combination of the primary colors
of the other two pairs.
This is illustrated in the graphic below with colored arrows, and this symbolizes the Quark Binding Force.
Green binds the yellow
& blue Quarks to the paired Red Quark.
Orange binds the yellow & red Quarks to the paired Blue Quark.
Purple binds the blue & red Quarks to the paired Yellow Quark.
The Micro-Cubic Spheroid Particle
It so happens that the minimum pixilated face-aligned cubic approximation of a sphere requires 33 cubes (a core cubic block of 3x3x3=27 and a cube at the centers of the 6 faces). This is illustrated below
In the Geocubic Model this spheroid is the framework of all the atomic particles, and the particles only differ in their combined Quark polarities.
The 3 Quark structures are defined by the color/number cube.
Each Quark-type is made up of 11 micro-cubes that are distributed by the numbers associated with the colors).
(7 Red + 4 Green)
(3 Blue + 8 Orange)
(1 Yellow + 10 Purple)
The micro-cubes are edge-oriented
cubic frames, with a single force-plane on one cube-face.
There are 6 different micro-cubes, distinguished by the 6 pigment colors.
(The red micro-cubes face the red cube-face of the color-cube, the blue faces blue, and so on).
The 11 micro-cubes composing each Quark are arranged in 3 distinct shapes (shown above) that slide together in completing the spheroid atomic particle.
As required in order to allow rearranging Quarks into different particles (by Beta decay), the shapes do not interlock, they are held together by the binding force, and for this reason the Quarks can be temporarily broken apart by sufficient force, such as with accelerated particle collisions.
Part II – Accelerated Particle Collisions
In the Geocubic Model all space is filled with force planes that partition space into unit-cubes. There is a weak nucleonic force holding atoms together during the flashing of this Geocubic Matrix.
Baryons (Protons and Neutrons) contain a miniscule electromagnetic wave (of a billion electron-volts) that is responsible for the mass property (mass is not a particle). The individual Baryons bound to an atom are termed Nucleons (all Protons are Nucleons), and as a group are termed the Nuclide. Each Nucleon is bound to the Nuclide by an energy deficit taken from the Nucleon.
In the Geocubic Model, the Proton is enclosed in a spherical force surface (Neutrino) that is compressed to be within the unit-cubes of space. The Proton is trapped in the Neutrino. This explains why a Proton has never been detected outside of a Nuclide. In contrast, Neutrons exist as Nucleons as well as full-energy freely moving particles.
Having detected charges of –2/3 and +1/3 from accelerated particle collisions, physicists have “deduced” the existence of “anti-quarks” (and by extension “anti-particles”).
They fail to notice that it turns out the anti-quarks would produce anti-particles identical in charge to the particles, since
+1/3 = 0 (the
-2/3 -2/3 +1/3 = -1 (the Electron)
+1/3, +1/3 +1/3 = 1 (the Proton)
Since Protons cannot exist outside the Nuclide, accelerated collisions can only be splitting Neutrons.
Detection grids reveal tracings of 12 distinct objects from the particle collisions. Six of these have normal Quark charges of +2/3 and -1/3, and six have polar opposite charges.
For some unfathomable reason physicists have ignored the possibility that accelerated particle collisions could result in Quark-pairs as well as single Quarks, ignoring that these polar opposite charges would be the result of quark-pairs.
Temporary Quark Pairs (from Collisions)
Neutron has one Up and 2 Down Quarks (+2/3, –1/3, -1/3), so a linked pair can
only be an Up and a Down or 2
Downs, and must have a charge of:
(+2/3, -1/3 = +1/3) or
(-1/3, -1/3 = -2/3).
This explains the polar opposite charges of 6 of the collision tracings.
Single Quarks +2/3 -1/3
Quark pairs -2/3 +1/3
The Quark pairs are illustrated below. They have been labeled Strange, Charm, and Beauty by physicists. It is preferable to label the Quark-pairs by combined pigment colors
Blue & Yellow Green
Red & Yellow Orange
The spheroid particle is shown above for reference to the Quark pairs.
The 12 Collision Tracings
There are 6 Quarks, and these are half of the 12 tracings.
-1/3, +2/3, -1/3, +2/3, -1/3, +2/3
By permutation of the 6 Quarks there are 15 possible Quark-pairs
(5+4+3+2+1=15), but 3 of them are precluded because they pair the same color
(+2/3-1/3), (+2/3-1/3), (+2/3-1/3).
Also precluded are those that pair +2/3 charges that would require Protons
be split. These precluded pairs are
(+2/3+2/3), (+2/3+2/3), (+2/3+2/3).
Thus, the Geocubic Model shows that the split of Neutrons can produce 9 distinct Quark-pairs, but only 6 of the 9 Quark-pairs are distinguishable (because only the total charge can be detected). For example (-1/3+2/3), and (+2/3-1/3), are indistinguishable because both have the same color and charge of +1/3.
The 6 Quarks and 9 (6 detectable) Quark-pairs are shown below in color/charge shorthand. First the 6 Quarks are shown, and then the 9 Quark-pairs are shown in the 6 detectable tracings, with the combined color/charge shorthand shown below the pairs.
+2/3 Red -1/3
+2/3 Blue -1/3
+2/3 Yellow -1/3
-2/3 Purple +1/3
-2/3 Green +1/3
-2/3 Orange +1/3
Collision sub-particles have a very short lifetime, from 10-8 to 10-13 second, before re-combining into the particle.
Stupidity beyond Foolishness
It appears that an influential confused (stupefied) physicist mixed up the 2 Quark charges with the 3 Strange, Charm, and Beauty tracings, and ended up with 5 Quark types. These 5 were (u)Up and (d)Down, concatenated with (s)Strange (c)Charm, and (b)Beauty.
Unwilling to suffer the wrath of exposing the establishment mistakenness this stupidity engendered, it became necessary to add a theoretical Quark, (t)Theoretical, so that there were 6 types that could be given an anti-Quark. Never mind that only the "anti-Quarks" exhibit the Strange, Charm, or Beauty characteristic. Never mind that the Theoretical Quark does not exist. Never mind that the Red, Blue, and Green Quark chromatography was dropped. Never mind the changed names of the (b)Beauty and (t)Theoretical Quarks to (b)Bottom and (t)Top, retaining the initial letter, and implying they are a pair of some kind.
Their mixed up model is shown below, as (sadly) depicted on Wikipedia, but with the invalid entries grayed out.
"Tag" Quark 'anti-Quark'
Down (d) -1/3 +1/3
Up (u) +2/3 -2/3
(s) -1/3 +1/3
Charm (c) +2/3 -2/3
Bottom (b) -1/3 +1/3 Beauty (b)
Top (t) +2/3 -2/3
This stupidity is hard to top, but they are working at it.